In order for the house to serve for a long time, you need to lay a quality foundation.
Strip foundations are used in the construction of such houses in which there are massive walls. They are installed around the perimeter of the house, and load-bearing walls are erected on them. Characterized by large volumes of work, labor-intensive process. However, strip foundations are widespread due to their simple technology.
The most massive, labor-intensive work requires rubble foundations. Rubble stones are sorted by shape and size, then laid end-to-end and poured with cement. The advantage of this type of foundation is durability, strength and resistance to freezing. And the disadvantage is that it is placed only where there is this stone in the right amount. Where is he local material.
The rubble concrete foundation consists of layers: 1.mortar (cement-lime, cement) and 2. filler (rubble stone, crushed stone or gravel). It is laid in a wooden formwork, densely filling, alternating layers 1 and 2. Everything is simple and reliable.
From the very name «concrete» it becomes clear that this type of foundation consists of concrete with the addition of crushed stone, fine gravel. It is also poured into the formwork, then it is desirable to level it with a special vibrator for better compaction. The quality of the concrete foundation is high, but a lot of cement is required, which increases the cost of the work.
Brick foundation — brickwork made of solid baked bricks using cement mortar. It is unprofitable in view of its high cost and does not serve long enough, because it is not resistant to moisture.
No need to make foundations too deep to save material and money. But shallow foundations can crack, then cracks will appear in the walls of the house. A good engineer who understands this issue will help you calculate the optimal depth.
When digging a pit and building a foundation, you can not do without the use of mini-loaders. Thanks to the ability to change attachments, these loaders are extremely versatile. You can find out the technical characteristics of modern loaders in the article on the KM website Technology: New Holland mini loaders. You can also rent the most suitable forklift there.